Farming the Red Gold: Enhancing Saffron Production with Aeroponics


Aeroponics is a modern, soilless method of growing plants where the roots are suspended in air and nutrient-rich mist is sprayed directly onto the roots. Saffron, known as the "red gold," is a highly prized spice derived from the Crocus sativus flower, and traditionally, it has been cultivated using conventional methods such as open-field farming or greenhouse cultivation. However, aeroponics has emerged as a cutting-edge technique for saffron farming, offering several advantages.

How does do Aeroponics work?

In aeroponic saffron farming, saffron corms (the underground bulb-like structures that store nutrients) are planted in containers or trays, and the roots are suspended in the air. Nutrient-rich water is sprayed as a mist onto the roots at regular intervals, providing the plants with the necessary nutrients for growth. The plant tops grow above the containers, and the saffron flowers bloom as they would in conventional cultivation.


Aeroponics offers several benefits for saffron farming. Firstly, it allows for precise control over the growing environment, including nutrients, moisture, and light, which can be optimized for saffron cultivation. This can result in faster growth, higher yields, and better quality saffron compared to traditional methods.

Secondly, aeroponics reduces the risk of diseases and pests as it eliminates the need for soil, which can harbor pathogens. This can lead to healthier plants and reduced need for pesticides or other chemical treatments, making it a more environmentally friendly approach to saffron farming.

Thirdly, aeroponics is a space-efficient method, as it allows for vertical farming or stacking of trays, making it suitable for urban or limited-space environments. It also reduces water usage compared to conventional farming methods, as the water used in aeroponics can be recycled and reused, reducing water waste.

 What does per unit contains?

1,000 sq. Ft. aeroponic required approximately 12, 000, 00 – 15, 000, 00 INR. Per system contains -Tank for filling nutrient solution, root growth container, Baskets for plants, water pump, Steam nozzles, Elbow union, tee union, pipes, tubes, Growth chamber, Cycle timer, Sprinkler heads


NHB (National Horticulture Board, Provides Subsidies for Hydroponics & Aeroponics Farming in India. Credit linked back-ended subsidy @ 20% of the total project cost limited to INR 25 lakh per project in general area and INR 30.00 lakh in NorthEast Region, Hilly and Scheduled areas. However, for capital intensive and high value crops under protected cultivation and open air cultivation of date palm, olive and saffron subsidy will be @ 25% of project cost with ceiling of Rs.50 lakh (33% of project cost with ceiling of Rs.60 lakh for scheduled and hilly areas).

Where to learn?

Several online and offline training programs are conducted by the government and private companies regularly. In these programs, we can get information on aeroponics, hydroponics, and aquaponics systems.   

1.     Centre for research in alternative farming technologies (CRAFT)

Mr. Vijay S. Yelmale

A 601, Jai Ganesh, Plot 31, Sector 20, Kharghar, Navi Mumbai – 410210.

Email Id –, Phone- 8767013131

2.     RISE hydroponics

211, North Plaza Complex Next to 4 D Square Mall, 4D Rd, Motera, Ahmedabad, Gujarat 380005

For Training/Small Setups/Home Kits – +917575809578


3. Hydro green (YouTube video) Get free hydroponics training (part 1) Learn basics concepts of hydroponics.


4.     Alison learning App


However, aeroponic saffron farming also requires careful monitoring and management of the growing environment, including temperature, humidity, pH, and nutrient levels, to ensure optimal plant growth. Additionally, the initial setup costs for aeroponic systems can be higher compared to traditional methods, which may be a consideration for farmers. Overall, aeroponic saffron farming is an innovative and promising approach that has the potential to enhance saffron production, increase yields, and improve the sustainability of saffron farming. It combines modern technology with traditional saffron cultivation, offering an exciting advancement in the world of saffron farming.


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