There is a rich mine of ancient literature known as the Dharmashastras woven delicately into the broad tapestry of Hinduism, encompassing spirituality, philosophy, and daily life. These ancient, renowned texts provide deep insights into the moral, ethical, and social norms that have governed Hindu culture for millennia.

Dharma, the Hindu idea of moral and ethical responsibility or morality, is described in the Dharmashastras, ancient Indian books that offer rules and laws pertaining to dharma. These scriptures form a significant element of Hindu law and offer moral and legal behavior guidelines in many spheres of life. "Dharmashastra" is a combination of the Sanskrit terms "dharma," which means duty or righteousness, and "shastra," which means scripture or treatise. The Manusmriti is the most well-known of the several well-known Dharmashastras. The Manusmriti and a few other well-known Dharmashastras are described more deeply below.

Manusmriti:  It is thought that the Manusmriti was written over a lengthy period of time, possibly between the second century BCE and the second century CE. It is credited to Manu, a mythological sage who, in Hinduism, is considered to be the first man. The text, however, most likely had a number of authors and alterations during its lifetime. There are twelve chapters and 2,685 verses in the Manusmriti. It covers a wide range of subjects, such as social and ethical norms, rules, customs, and responsibilities for members of the varna (caste) system. It offers recommendations for appropriate conduct for members of various castes and life phases (student, householder, hermit, and ascetic). Hindu society and law have historically been greatly influenced by the Manusmriti. It has, however, also generated debate because parts of its lines have come under fire for supporting caste-based discrimination and unfair treatment of women.

Yajnavalkya Smriti:  It is said that the sage Yajnavalkya, a prominent ancient Indian philosopher and scholar, is the author of Yajnavalkya Smriti. His contributions to Vedic literature and philosophy are what are most well-known about him. The Yajnavalkya Smriti is largely concerned with dharma (moral and ethical obligations), law, and ceremonies. It offers advice on a variety of topics, such as inheritance, marriage, family, and religious obligations. Between the second century BCE and the third century CE is when the Yajnavalkya Smriti is thought to have been written. It outlines standards for marriage rituals, obligations for husbands and wives, and regulations for family life. Rules and guidelines for the division of property and inheritance within a family are laid out in the Yajnavalkya Smriti. The text also includes portions on law, including passages on how crimes are punished and how the king dispenses justice. The varna system and other social conventions of the time are reflected in Yajnavalkya Smriti.

Narada Smriti: Sage Narada, a respected person in Hinduism who is frequently portrayed as a traveling sage and musician, is credited with creating the Narada Smriti. The work is composed of aphorisms or sutras and is thought to have been penned in the early years of the Christian era or during several centuries BCE. The Narada Smriti discusses a range of topics related to dharma, ethics, and social obligations. It lays out standards for how people should act in social situations, such as those concerning inheritance, marriage, and personal conduct. It describes the fundamentals of law and justice, such as the procedures for settling disputes, the penalties for crimes, and the responsibility of a king or ruler to protect dharma.Even though it is not as well-known as the Manusmriti or Yajnavalkya Smriti, the Narada Smriti is just as important in Hindu law.

Brihaspati Smriti: The sage Brihaspati, who is respected in Hinduism and is regarded as the guru of the Devas, is the traditional author of the Brihaspati Smriti. The actual era of composition is unknown, however it is thought to be from antiquity, like many other ancient texts. The Brihaspati Smriti contains rules for different facets of life, such as the obligations of monarchs, social classes, and people in general. Justice and law-related matters are also covered. In ancient India, the Brihaspati Smriti played a role in the formation of laws and social customs.

 The moral, ethical, and legal foundation of Hindu civilization has been significantly shaped over the years by these Dharmashastras as well as other texts and scriptures. It's vital to keep in mind that distinct Dharmashastras may be stressed differently by various schools of Hindu philosophy and by diverse Indian areas, leading to variances in practice and belief.