Specification of Chandrayaan-3 and how it’s different from Chandrayaan-2 ?


As everyone is aware, the ISRO Chandrayaan-3 will be launched by the Launch Vehicle Mark III (LVM3), also known as the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark III, at 2:35 PM IST on Friday, July 14. The third lunar mission for India. The Isro changed a few key things in Chandrayaan-3 to enable the landing of a rover on the lunar surface. In this article, we'll examine several key features of Chandrayaan-3 and how it differs from Chandrayaan 2.

The main objectives of Chandrayaan-2 were to do a soft landing on the lunar surface and to send out a rover to study the area around the Moon's South Pole. The lander, Vikram, was unable to land successfully, hence the mission was only partially successful.  Similar to Chandrayaan-2, Chandrayaan-3 is anticipated to land on the Moon and send out a rover with the aim of completing the tasks left unfinished by Chandrayaan-2.

Designing a new lander for Chandrayaan-3 was part of ISRO's effort to overcome the problems encountered during the Chandrayaan-2 landing attempt. The lander is anticipated to feature modifications to increase the likelihood of a successful landing as well as lessons learned from the prior mission.  The main components of Chandrayaan-2 were an orbiter, a lander, and a rover. As the orbiter from Chandrayaan-2, known as the "Chandrayaan-2 Orbiter," is still operational and performing well, ISRO declared that it would leave the orbiter component out of Chandrayaan-3. Chandrayaan-3 will largely concentrate on the lander and rover components by omitting the orbiter redundancy.

The lander and rover have a 14-day (one lunar day) mission life.  The payload has been placed in the RAMBHA-LP to assess the density of the near-surface plasma (ions and electrons) and how it varies over time, using the Langmuir probe. (Chandra's Surface Thermophysical Experiment): To conduct measurements of the thermal characteristics of the lunar surface close to the poles with the help of the ChaSTE.  Measure seismic activity at the landing site and map the relationship between the lunar crust and mantle using the ILSA (Instrument for Lunar Seismic Activity).

To further our understanding of the lunar surface, the rover's payload includes the APXS (Alpha Particle X-Ray Spectrometer) and LIBS (Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscope) instruments. The APXS (Alpha Particle X-Ray Spectrometer) measures the elemental composition (Mg, Al, Si, K, Ca, Ti, and Fe) of lunar soil and rocks near the lunar landing site.

Chandrayaan-3 further The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) is working on a payload called Spectro-polarimetry of Habitable Planet Earth (SHAPE). It is made to measure the polarization of light using spectro-polarimetry, which can be used to analyze the Earth's atmosphere.

For Chandrayaan-3, ISRO worked in conjunction with other nations and space organizations to increase the likelihood of success. The objective is to increase the mission's overall capabilities by utilizing the knowledge and assets of international partners.

Isro has generally been in the forefront of India's advances in science and technology throughout the past few years. Chandrayaan-1 and 2, Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM), GSLV Mk III, IRNSS (NavIC), GSAT Communication Satellites, Cartosat Satellites, and Reusable Launch Vehicle Technology Demonstrator (RLV-TD) are only a few of the missions launched by Isro. Isro is one of the world's leading organizations for space research as a result of these activities. I sincerely hope that the Chandrayaan-3 mission is a success and that the scientists' labor of love pays off.

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